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5 Examples of Non-Fungible Tokens
Ever heard of a Non-Fungible Token? We've taken a look at 5 great projects already using the Blockchain based tokens.
How on earth did Paris Hilton recently manage to sell a picture of a cat for over $17,000 worth of ETH? Welcome to the world of Non-Fungible Tokens (NFT) stored on the Blockchain. We’ll explain what they are, and give you 5 organisations already using them!
What are Non-Fungible Assets?
Non-Fungible Assets (NFA) are nothing new, in fact they’ve existed for years. Ever bought a website domain? Registered copyright? Even a Twitter handle can be seen as a NFA.
There’s one thing that all these assets have in common though. All of them can be taken away. This is where None-Fungible Tokens come in (NFT). These can never be taken away. Once you own an NFT you have it for life (unless you lose your key).
What are Non-Fungible Tokens?
In short they represent something unique, something that isn’t mutually interchangeable.
The first example of Non-Fungible Tokens was through a project called CRYPTOPUNKS. This enabled users to sell, buy and store 10,000 unique collectible characters with the proof of ownership being stored on the Ethereum Blockchain.
Want to read a bit more about NFT’s? Checkout this guide to the non-fungible tokens by CoinTelegraph.
Since the value of art is dependent on a range of factors including the authenticity, age and number of owners, it makes perfect sense to store it as a NFT on the Blockchain. Artists often have problems proving the authenticity of their work, especially with digital art. However the use of the Blockchain and NFT’s can help solve this problem. Currently an artist may publish their artwork on their website, social media or a blogging site, however this doesn’t prove ownership, many of these platforms often don’t even offer a reliable date stamp.
However, through the use of Blockchain and NFT’s artists can upload their image to a website which uploads these details to the Blockchain. This means that the author’s details and authenticity of the art can be stored on the tamperproof and secure Blockchain. As everything is recorded on a public ledger it becomes possible to trace the art to the owner and the first date it was published.
KnownOrigin is a platform which allows artists to showcase and sell their rare digital artwork and collectables. Previously buying art had very high entry barriers for everyday people, as proving authenticity without an art expert is extremely difficult. However, through the use of KnownOrigin users can easily identify the authentic owner and have confidence in their purchase.
The platform uses the Ethereum network, allowing artists to tokenise their work and then list it on the KnownOrigin website. When a piece of art is bought using Ethereum the address of the buyer is captured. This allows for the identification of the new author to be recorded on the blockchain.
The digital art platform hosts over 406 artists, with over 13,000 pieces of art being sold since its inception in 2018 by the BlockRocket team.
Many in the Blockchain space have heard recently that Paris Hilton has sold her digital painting of a cat for 40 ETH, equating to a whopping $17,000. This was done through the charity digital art site Cryptograph.
Cryptograph allows users to sell collectables, this is often in the form of famous drawings, diagrams or paintings. These collectables are often created by famous people such as Paris Hilton, Seth Green and Ashley Greene. All of these celebrities have posted their work on the website to auction off using Ethereum.
The platform was specifically designed to raise money for charitable causes and has raised thousands since its inception. You can take a look at the latest auctions available to bid on here.
Non-Fungible Tokens have also enabled gaming and blockchain to join forces. NFT’s are completely unique, this is big news in the gaming world. This is because unique means something is rare, making it desirable to other gamers. The competitive nature of games means that users always want to build either a better character, world or get better add-ons or perks.
Crypto Kitties is a game which allows users to trade virtual cats called “Crypto Kitties” enabling users to buy and sell cats, play games and create collections to earn rewards.
The game states that “Each cat is one-of-a-kind and 100% owned by you; it cannot be replicated, taken away, or destroyed”. This is made possible due to the nature of the Blockchain and NFT’s. The robust nature of the Blockchain means that elements/blocks can’t simply be destroyed as they are connected to other blocks in a chain. As the Virtual Cats are NFT’s they contain information embedded in their meta description which states details such as the owner of the asset, and what makes it unique.
In 2017 the game was so popular that it caused transactions to slow down on the Ethereum network, causing a 6 fold increase in pending transactions.
This highlighted the scalability issues with Ethereum which is one of the reasons that Etheruem is now looking at switching to Proof of Stake.
Sorare is a fantasy football trading card game, where users can trade the cards of real players and manage their team to win prizes. The fantasy football game currently has 96 official clubs including clubs from huge European leagues such as the Premier League, Bundesliga and Serie A, with more clubs and leagues being added all the time.
The cards are all NFT’s and are stored on the Ethereum Blockchain. This means the ownership of the cards can be verified as all the information is stored in the meta description of the asset. Take a look at the trading history here. As everything is stored on a public ledger everyone can see all the transactions on the platform.
The game is becoming extremely popular, with over $1 million worth of trading cards being sold across 50 countries. The French company behind Sorare has recently received over $4 million worth of seed funding to help the platform scale up even more and accelerate their rapid growth.
Domain naming services
There is currently a huge amount of centralisation when it comes to domains and the internet as a whole. We pay the companies that own .com and .net just for the right to rent their domains. Massive websites such as TikTok are also being blocked around the world due to the centralisation
These domains and systems are often vulnerable to hacking due to their centralised architecture, the information regarding the ownership of the domain is all held on these centralised servers. When this information is stored on the Blockchain this makes the system much more robust and secure as there is no centralised point to target.
Handshake is a decentralised naming and certificate authority. Who provide proof of ownership of domains without the need for central authorities having control over them. This means your website domain will never be blocked.
The domains which are bought on NameBase.io are then stored on the HandShake Blockchain. This means that the buyer’s details can be stored on the Blockchain, without the need for a centralised party to hold this information.
The project has received over $10 million in funding from excited investors who see the value in a decentralised web. You can read more about Handshake in our article here.
This article was published on: August 25, 2020
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